What Ever Happenned To Mr. CT?
In 1991 I competed in my first bodybuilding event it was the A.A.U. Milford County promoted by Fred Yale the A.A.U. Connecticut State Chairman. The Milford County was a popular novice event were beginning bodybuilders would pick as the show to do for your first experience and if you placed well and decided to compete again you would do the Mr./Ms. Connecticut also promoted by Fred Yale.
Fred held well over 20 years involvement in the sport known as Physique having been a former bodybuilding competitor, national judge, gym owner, and full-time grammar school math teacher. In 1992 I competed in the Mr. Connecticut but at that time people thought there were 3 different Mr. Connecticut events each held by different sanctions, there was Fred's Mr. Connecticut rumored as the most drug-free, Mike Katz's Mr. Connecticut known as the one not drug-tested, and the ANBC Constitution State that had many out-of-state competitors in it. Though research I found out that the A.A.U. Mr. Connecticut was the longest running show and had the trademarked title.
In 1993 Fred asked me to take over the position as show promoter due to a passion he saw in me for the sport and he was taking over the position of the Chairman of the A.A.U. Junior Olympics Physique at the games with over 52 sports and finally had approved Physique as a sport for teenagers. The Mr. / Ms. Connecticut Bodybuilding Championships ended in 1997 when the A.A.U. decided to concentrate on youth sports and eliminate sports that were focused on adults and that was perfect timing because I was approved to promote the first Musclemania regional show.
1997 AAU Ended Physique
During the Amateur Athletic Union's annual convention in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the organization's Physique Committee voted 13 to 2 (with two abstentions) to discontinue bodybuilding. Following that action, the AAU Board of Directors approved the action.
.In a memorandum dated October 7 from the National Board of Directors to AAU athletes and coaches, sport of physique, the board said:
". . . Consequently, the operations of the physique committee will cease immediately and those events already on the calendar will be honored."
"After the December 11th Mr. America's event hosted by Mr. Harry Silas at Fort Lee Military Base, Petersburg, VA, and all physique activities sanctioned by the AAU will be competed; no further activities will be authorized."
The AAU's memorandum did give the official reason for dropping bodybuilding:
"After approximately 45 minutes of discussion about the past two years of operations, the Physique Committee acted upon a motion 'to cease to be recognized' as an active sport committee within the AAU."
"The motion was based upon the fact that there was no feasible way the sport of physique could continue to attempt to operate as a 'drug testing' sport and offer events under the proposed budget."
The primary sources for the sports funding comes from Corporate Sponsorships, Ticket Sales and Entry Fees . . . three areas where the AAU obviously declined critically.
In addition, the International Olympic Committee has NOT given provisional recognition to bodybuilding as a sport.
In addition to athletes and coaches, the memorandum went to AAU association offices, national officers and national staff. The AAU national headquarters is based at The Walt Disney Resort, Lake Buena Vista.
The slow death of AAU-sanctioned bodybuilding actually began in the early 1980's.
Under a government edict, to reduce some of its control over sports (Title IV) by organizing separate controlling organizations, the AAU decided to discontinue bodybuilding.
A legal battle developed between the AAU and NPC over the trademarked use of "Mr." in bodybuilding titles. The NPC decided to use 'bodybuilding champion' and said it was more specific and to the point for our sport so they dropped out of the court action."
A Short History of the Oldest, Continuous Bodybuilding Contest in the Country
For bodybuilders, the Mr. America contest was once the Triple Crown, the Indy 500, the Oscars, and the Olympics all rolled into one. Before Mr. Olympia, before Mr. Universe, before Mr. Anything, there was the Mr. America, and young men vied for the glory and honor of winning it with the same single-minded obsession that today's musclemen go after other titles. Sadly, the contest fell on bad days, and it became almost forgotten in the pursuit of other honors in the bodybuilding world.
Although the Mr. America contest quickly became one of the premier bodybuilding events in the world, it certainly did not start that way. Lots of people had thought up the idea of pitting man against man in a contest of muscles. As far back as 1901, bodybuilding pioneer Eugen Sandow organized the first nationwide competition in Britain, but this was a one-shot deal not an ongoing pursuit of the country's most muscular body. In the U.S., Bernarr Macfadden held a few contests in the early twentieth century to determine "The World's Most Beautiful Man," but his interest in male beauty apparently waned, for he only held a few before they too were discontinued. By the late 1930's many U.S. physique athletes were beginning to call for a competition that would pit the best bodies in the country against one another.
There were a few models for the early organizers to compare themselves to. First, there was the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City. This was a beauty and charm contest, but people got to thinking that if the girls could have their competition then why the guys couldn't. Then there were the Europeans; they had been having their own versions of contests for years. The French held annual matches to determine "The Handsomest Athlete in France," and in this competition muscularity was only one aspect of judging. The contestant's hair, eyes, teeth, even the shape of the fingers and toes had a bearing on who won the competition. The Germans, on the other hand, held a contest to determine strength pure and simple. The winner of their competition could have a face like a train wreck and no one would care as long as he could lift something. American organizers decided to take the best from both these precursors, and develop a contest that would be uniquely ours.
The first attempt to gather strong, muscular men from around the country came in December of 1938 when gym manager and promoter, Johnny Hordines, put together a contest to determine "America's Finest Physique." This was held in Gardner's Reducing Salon and Gymnasium in Schenectady, New York. The men were divided into three classes based on height rather than weight, and there were thirty-nine entrants. There was no overall winner, just one victor in each of the height classes, and the physiques were not particularly impressive. It was a pretty amateurish production, but it paved the way for the contests that came afterward.
The next attempt at a national competition was much more polished and successful. It was held in June of 1939 in Amsterdam, New York. Hordines again staged an event that many have called a "Mr. America" contest, although its official title was once more "America's Finest Physique." For the first time there was an overall winner, and since there was no distinction between pro and amateur at this meet, the big victor was professional musclemen, Bert Goodrich.
To make things a little more confusing, about a month later on July 4, 1939 there was another attempt at putting on a national competition. This time it was held after the 1939 Senior National Weightlifting Championships. The entrants had to be amateurs, and they had to participate in the weightlifting contest earlier that day. The victor of this meet was Roland Essmaker. The only reason anyone remembers this minor competition is because it was the first time the Amateur Athletic Union became involved, since all winners had to be members of that organization. No professionals need apply.
So despite many conflicting titles and several simultaneous contests all claiming to have found "America's perfect physique," it wasn't until 1940 that the pieces finally fell into place, and a new competition was born. Since the great New York World's Fair was in full swing, it was considered a good time to hold a bodybuilding competition in the Big Apple. Once again, there was a weightlifting competition and then afterwards, the physique contest. But this time the participation of the AAU was unquestioned, and the name of the affair had been changed to "Mr. America." It was a glittering evening of competition the likes of which no one had ever experienced before.
In addition to the main winner, there were also competitions for best body parts: arms, legs, abdominals, and so on. But at that first Mr. America contest, one man dominated the competition so conclusively that there was virtually no competition. He was John C. Grimek, and his well-deserved victory put the contest on a straight and true trajectory to success. It was said that the only reason anyone else won any of the sub-categories was because Grimek had chosen not to enter them, otherwise he would have swept them as well. That Mr. America victory signaled two things: that bodybuilding was assured a bright future and that Grimek was destined to dominate the sport for many decades to come.
This first Mr. America helped to define certain aspects that were later taken for granted in bodybuilding competitions. In addition to the body part awards, there was also a "Most Muscular" category that was used to honor those men whose bulk was considered outrageous or unsymmetrical. One of the drawbacks to the competition was that there were apparently no compulsory rounds of posing, so this often caused some problems. But there were other troubles as well.
In general, the posing at the 1940 Mr. America represented a dilemma for the men because most of them were simply not used to showing off their bodies in front of other people. As one witness described it, a majority of the men "got up on the platform and stood there 'thinking up' a pose, when all of this should have been done weeks ago . . . Many of them would get up there and start a pose and, like a flash, would change it, not knowing just what they were doing." Perhaps part of the reason for the men's reluctance was that there was no music to accompany their routines. A few of the athletes shone brilliantly despite the problems. The most notable exception to this dearth of posing ability arrived in the person of John Grimek. There seemed to be no end to his talents since he was not only superbly muscular but a graceful poser as well.
By the time the next year's contest had rolled around, there had been more regional championships, and so the 1941 Mr. America was more representative of the country as a whole. The nation's muscle men assembled in Philadelphia for America's most prestigious contest. There was a judging system that was supposed to take most of the subjectivity out of the competition. The judges could award a maximum of five points for muscular development, five for muscular proportions, three for posing, and two for general appearance; this meant that a perfect score would be 15 or a total of 150 from all ten judges. The man who won the overall title picked up a total of 146 points. That man was once again John Grimek. His next closest competitor, Jules Bacon, earned 125. It was, as one astonished witness claimed, "Hardly possible that a man could score so high, that any human could be considered to be so nearly perfect." It looked like no one could ever touch the mighty Grimek.
The problem of Grimek's invincibility was solved by the time the 1942 Mr. America contest took place. Organizers decided to change the rules so that a competitor could only win the contest once; otherwise, they figured Grimek would go on winning the thing indefinitely. Because of this rule, a new name leapt onto the record books: Frank Leight, a former New York policeman, who had built a finely muscled body.
When the 1943 competition arrived, the U.S. was deeply embroiled in World War II. Many of the Mr. America contestants as well as the judges were now in the service, but this did nothing to dampen the men's enthusiasm. The contest was held in Los Angeles this time, and the competition boiled down to a duel between two men: Jules Bacon and Dan Lurie. Both athletes were running neck and neck, but Bacon eventually grabbed top honors. It was reported in the magazines that this was because he was handsomer than Lurie, not necessarily because he was more muscular.
Sheer bulk and muscularity were the most important factors when it came to choosing the 1944 Mr. America. This was fortunate for the winner, Steve Stanko, since he was never good at muscle display. As Bob Hoffman revealed in Strength & Health, "Steve never practices in front of the mirror and only gave a halfhearted display when he was on the platform, but he dwarfed all other men on the platform with his amazing development."
The men were getting bigger and bulkier, and by the time 1945's contest rolled around, muscularity played an important role. This was apparent when Private First Class Clancy Ross bolted out of the Nevada desert and onto the posing dais at the Los Angeles site of the Mr. America. Thanks to Ross, the headlines could have read "Unknown Makes Good," reported one magazine. He had been stationed at an Army base near Las Vegas and had trained in virtual secrecy until showing up on the night of the contest much to the consternation of the other participants. Ross succeeded in sweeping aside all his competition and was named Mr. America.
Another virtual unknown nabbed the title in 1946. This time it was a good looking; blond muscleman from the Midwest named Alan Stephan. According to publisher Bob Hoffman, Stephan "makes an ideal Mr. America for he is tall, well proportioned, broad shouldered, deep chested, has a pleasing and impressive muscular contour, and is extremely handsome." He was a perfect proponent of bodybuilding for a postwar population that was destined to take up fitness in ever increasing numbers.
The Mr. America for 1947 was destined to eclipse all the others in fame and fortune. Steve Reeves used his victory in America's most renowned physique contest as a catapult to stardom. Steve Reeves was a California bodybuilder with the face of an idol and the body of Hercules. It was his resemblance to the Greek hero that allowed the young man to branch out into the movies. Thanks to his contest win, he was soon whisked off to Italy where he appeared in a series of Italian gladiator movies. By the end of his cinematic career, Reeves had become the most famous star to come out of the physique world until Schwarzenegger overtook him.
The Mr. America contest of 1948 marked a watershed in its history, and it reflected the transformations that were overtaking the sport. Increasing opportunities for competition began to appear in the bodybuilding world; this simple fact changed everything. One of the reasons the Mr. America contest had attracted so much attention early in his history is that there just wasn't much else out there. Now, starting in 1948, other opportunities for competition were beginning to open up. There were increasing numbers of regional contests as well as international trials such as the Mr. Universe competition where bodybuilders from all over the world would strut their stuff.
An even more important development was the formation of the IFBB as a rival institution to the AAU. Starting in 1946, Joe and Ben Weider had begun to lure serious bodybuilders away from Bob Hoffman and the AAU. The Weiders did not feel that physique athletes were being treated fairly by the other side; Hoffman and his AAU associates were more interested in Olympic lifting, and they tended to push bodybuilding to the background. The Weiders, on the other hand, wanted to run shows where bodybuilding would bask in center stage, no longer playing second fiddle to a weightlifting competition. The tension between the two opposing sides built rapidly, and it would soon break into all-out war.
Fortunately, this situation did not detract from George Eiferman's victory in 1948. Eiferman had come to Southern California from Philadelphia, and when he won the Mr. America, it signaled the start of the shift from East to West. The sport of bodybuilding would gradually move from its center in New York or York, Pennsylvania to sunny L.A.
All through the 1950's, 60's, and 70's, the Mr. America contest continued to attract many of the top names. The winners were primarily young athletes on the way up the bodybuilding ladder, and the Mr. A proved to be an important and welcome rung. Jack Delinger, Roy Hilligenn, Bill Pearl, Dennis Tinerino, Chris Dickerson, and others are only a few of the major physique stars who earned their first major title with the AAU sponsored Mr. A.
Although it was still an important contest, the Mr. America was no longer the only game in town. It continued to attract enough major bodybuilders to remain a coveted prize, however. The IFBB began their own version of the contest called the Professional Mr. America in 1949, but Bob Hoffman made sure that anyone who competed in the rival contest would be unceremoniously drummed out of the AAU forever.
With the advent of modern bodybuilding, however, the line between an amateur and professional athlete became increasingly blurred. So with the money and the prestige gradually accruing to the other side, it was only a matter of time before the Mr. America contest stopped featuring the top athletes in the field.
Even so, the old Mr. America still conjures up powerful emotions and vivid images. Many bodybuilding buffs can rattle off the names and years of their favorite Mr. Americas as if they were World Series or Superbowl victories. So despite the passage of time, there continues to be a magic ring to the name Mr. America, and today it's time to reinstate the glory that once radiated from the title. Even though other contests have supplanted it in size and magnificence, none can surpass the Mr. America when it comes to its long and glorious past.
Reference: By David Chapman a bodybuilding historian whose articles have appeared in Ironman, Muscle and Fitness, Flex, and other magazines. His biography of pioneer muscleman, Eugen Sandow, appeared in 1994.
Please be patient while the pictures load. Click the right arrow key to view the next photo in the gallery. All images are copyright protected by photographer Brian Cannone and FitnessAtlantic.com.
Photo Gallery From the 1997 Mr. CT